Skincare Ingredients List: Your Complete A-Z Guide (2024 Edition)

Welcome, skincare enthusiasts, to your comprehensive A-Z list of skincare ingredients and what they do!

Skincare ingredients are one of my favorite topics – from the clean, natural and organic ingredients that make your favorite products shine, to those controversial additives that sometimes help and sometimes hinder.

From skin-soothing aloe vera to zesty zinc oxide, we’ve got you covered with common skincare ingredients that are helpful for all skin types.

Skincare Ingredients Guide Featured Image: A photograph of the ingredients label of a skincare product.

Now, don’t let this long list overwhelm you. Consider this guide your friendly companion, here to help you demystify the most common skincare ingredients.

Now, strap in and let’s explore the world of skincare ingredients together!

Remember, your skin is unique, and what works wonders for one person might not work the same for another. Always patch test new products and consult with a skincare professional for personalized advice.


Alcohol in skincare isn’t just about rubbing alcohol (which can be overly drying!). There are fatty alcohols like cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, and cetearyl alcohol that are actually moisturizing. They’re often used in skincare products to enhance texture and help other skincare ingredients penetrate the skin.

Read More: Alcohol in Skincare Products: A Double-Edged Sword? 


A compound found in various plants such as the comfrey plant, allantoin is a well-regarded skincare ingredient celebrated for its soothing and skin-conditioning properties. With the ability to help heal the skin and stimulate the growth of new tissue, it’s often found in products formulated for sensitive or irritated skin.

When incorporated into creams, lotions, or serums, allantoin acts as a moisturizing agent, increasing the water content of the extracellular matrix. It provides a smoothness to the skin, promoting cell proliferation and wound healing. Its non-irritating nature makes it a preferred choice in cosmetics and personal care products aimed at calming or rejuvenating the skin.

Aloe Vera

A succulent plant species, aloe vera is a humectant that’s celebrated for its hydrating and soothing properties. You’ll often find this green goddess in products designed to calm and moisturize, such as after-sun creams or forulations for sensitive skin.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids, or AHAs, are a category of chemical exfoliants known for their ability to brighten and smooth the skin. Common AHAs include glycolic acid, lactic acid, and mandelic acid.

Amino Acids

Often hailed as the “building blocks of life,” amino acids are organic compounds that play an indispensable role in the creation of proteins and other vital cellular processes. When it comes to skincare, these powerhouses don’t shy away from the spotlight. Amino acids are naturally present in our skin and are essential for maintaining its hydration, texture, and resilience.

Amino acids work by reinforcing the skin’s natural surface defense systems, ensuring adequate moisture retention, and providing antioxidants. Topical products packed with amino acids can help replenish the skin, giving it a smooth, hydrated, and youthful appearance. If maintaining a supple and radiant complexion is on your checklist, then amino acid-rich products might just be the ticket.


Antioxidants are like the superheroes of skincare, fighting against the damaging free radicals that can accelerate skin aging. Vitamin C, vitamin E, folic acid, niacinamide and green tea extract are just some of the powerful antioxidants you might find on your skincare labels.

Argan Oil

Originating from the Moroccan Argan tree, argan oil is often referred to as ‘liquid gold’ for its nourishing properties. Rich in vitamin E and essential fatty acids, it’s a botanical oil that hydrates the skin and locks in moisture like a dream.


Argireline, or Acetyl Hexapeptide-3, is a peptide that’s been referred to as a ‘topical Botox’. It helps to soften wrinkles and fine lines, making your skin look smoother and more youthful.


Avobenzone is a common ingredient in sunscreen. Its main job is to prevent UVA radiation from penetrating the skin and causing long-term damage, including premature aging and an increased risk of some types of skin cancer.

Avobenzone is frequently found in broad-spectrum sunscreens, which protect against both UVA and UVB rays. It’s is a chemical (or organic) sunscreen ingredient, meaning it absorbs the sun’s rays rather than physically blocking and scattering them, as physical (or inorganic) sunscreens do.


A captivating deep blue compound, azulene is primarily obtained from the steam distillation of chamomile and yarrow, but its presence can also be found in some mushrooms and wormwood.

Historically recognized for its powerful anti-inflammatory and soothing properties, azulene has carved a niche for itself in skincare, especially products catering to sensitive or irritated skin types. The compound’s captivating hue lends a distinctive blue shade to the products it graces, making them visually alluring.

Besides its soothing prowess, azulene boasts antioxidant benefits, helping defend the skin against environmental aggressors. If your skin tends to get red or inflamed easily, or if you’re looking for products to calm post-procedure skin, azulene-infused serums and creams might just be your skin’s next best friend.


Dubbed the ‘natural alternative to retinol’, bakuchiol is a plant-based ingredient that delivers similar benefits to retinol, without the potential side effects. It’s the new kid on the block in age-defying skincare ingredients!


Beeswax serves as a natural occlusive, creating a protective barrier on the skin while also carrying anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Used in a variety of products, including creams, balms, and lotions, it’s well-regarded for its moisturizing capabilities and non-comedogenic nature.


Beetroot, derived from the Beta vulgaris plant, is often used in natural skincare products as a colorant due to its vibrant, ruby-red hue. But the benefits of beetroot extend beyond its color. Beetroot is rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, potassium, and manganese, that can provide antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Moreover, beetroot has high water content, which can provide hydrating effects. While it’s a safer alternative to synthetic dyes, the intensity of beetroot’s color can vary depending on the pH of the product it’s mixed with, and its hue may fade over time.

Benzalkonium Chloride

Benzalkonium Chloride is a type of quaternary ammonium compound used extensively as an antimicrobial agent in a variety of skincare products, including cleansers, eye makeup removers, and hand sanitizers. Its primary function is to prevent or slow the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses, thus preserving products and making them safer for use. However, Benzalkonium Chloride is not without controversy. It is known to be a skin and eye irritant, and repeated or prolonged exposure may lead to allergic reactions for some individuals. As a result, its usage has been limited in certain countries, and it’s often avoided in products designed for sensitive skin.

Benzoic Acid

Benzoic acid is a naturally occurring, and commonly used, preservative in the skincare and cosmetics industry. It’s derived from many plants and fruits, such as berries and apples, but it can also be synthesized in a lab. It has antimicrobial properties, helping to prevent the growth of bacteria, yeast, and mold in products, thereby extending their shelf life. While generally considered safe for most skin types in small amounts, benzoic acid can cause skin irritation or allergies in sensitive individuals. If you have sensitive skin, it’s always wise to patch test products containing this ingredient.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is one of the tried-and-true skincare ingredients for fighting acne. It’s like a SWAT team that targets acne-causing bacteria, helping to keep your skin clear and blemish-free.


TEGO Natural Betaine is a trade name for betaine, a naturally occurring amino acid derivative commonly found in plants, especially sugar beets. Betaine serves as an osmolyte in living cells, meaning it helps cells maintain fluid balance under stress conditions, such as dehydration or exposure to high salinity.

In the context of personal care and cosmetic formulations, betaine is employed for several reasons:

  • Moisturizing agent: Betaine functions as a humectant, which helps retain moisture in the skin, leading to enhanced skin feel and hydration.
  • Anti-irritant: Due to its soothing properties, betaine can reduce the potential for skin irritation caused by other ingredients.
  • Texture enhancer: It can improve the texture of cosmetic formulations, giving them a more pleasant feel during application.

TEGO Natural Betaine, specifically, is marketed by the company Evonik and is often used in skincare, hair care, and other cosmetic products due to its versatility and skin-friendly properties.

Beta-Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)

Beta-Hydroxy Acids, or BHAs, are oil-soluble exfoliants that can dive deep into your pores and help clear out excess sebum and dead skin cells. They’re especially useful for oily skin. The most famous BHA? Salicylic acid!

Botanical Oils

Botanical oils, also commonly referred to as plant oils or vegetable oils, are oils that are derived from plants and often used in essential oils. In the context of skincare, they are extracted from various parts of a plant, such as the seeds, flowers, leaves, or fruit, through processes like cold pressing or steam distillation.

These oils are rich in essential fatty acids, vitamins, and antioxidants, and they have been used in skincare for centuries. They can provide a multitude of benefits to the skin, such as hydration, protection, soothing irritation, and even imparting rejuvenating properties.

Commonly used botanical oils in skincare include argan oil, jojoba oil, rosehip oil, tea tree oil, coconut oil and lavender oil.

Remember that while botanical oils can provide numerous benefits, they are also potent and can potentially cause irritation or allergic reactions, especially in those with sensitive skin. Always patch test a new oil before applying it to your face, and if you’re unsure, consult a dermatologist.

Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA)

Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a synthetic antioxidant used in skincare and cosmetics, as well as in food and pharmaceuticals, to extend shelf life by preventing the oxidation of oils. In skincare, BHA can help maintain the integrity of a product and its ingredients over time. However, BHA has become a point of contention due to concerns over potential health risks. Some research indicates that BHA may disrupt endocrine function and has been linked to potential skin sensitization. As a result, some individuals prefer to opt for skincare products free from BHA, especially in the realm of clean and natural beauty.

Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)

Butylated hydroxytoluene, or BHT, is a synthetic antioxidant commonly used in cosmetics and skincare products to extend their shelf life. While some have raised concerns about its safety, it is generally regarded as safe in small amounts.


Derived from the petals of the Calendula officinalis or marigold flower, calendula is a gem in the world of natural skincare. Lauded for its anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antimicrobial properties, this golden-hued botanical ingredient has a storied history of calming and healing the skin.

Whether it’s minor burns, cuts, or pesky acne, calendula steps up as a gentle alleviator. Its hydrating nature makes it suitable for dry or chapped skin, and its anti-inflammatory benefits can be a solace for those with sensitive or irritated skin.

Calendula-infused oils, creams, and salves are especially popular in natural skincare lines. However, as with any botanical, it’s always a good plan to test for potential allergic reactions, especially if you’re new to this sunny plant’s embrace.


Ceramides are the building blocks of your skin’s protective barrier, helping to lock in moisture and keep out irritants. If your skin were a castle, ceramides would be its sturdy walls!


Just like the calming tea, chamomile in skincare soothes and reduces inflammation. It’s like a gentle lullaby for irritated skin!


Known for its potent absorption properties, charcoal, specifically activated charcoal, has been a popular ingredient in skincare, especially in products designed to treat oily skin. The charcoal acts like a magnet to attract and absorb dirt, oil, and impurities from the skin, making it an excellent deep cleanser and detoxifier. It’s often found in face masks, cleansers, and scrubs where it can provide a deep cleanse and help unclog pores. However, it’s worth noting that charcoal can be quite drying, so it’s recommended to follow with a moisturizer, and it might not be the best choice for dry skin or sensitive skin.

Cinnamon Leaf Oil

Cinnamon leaf oil is an essential oil derived from the leaves of the cinnamon tree, primarily Cinnamomum verum, through a process of steam distillation. Rich in eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and other aromatic compounds, cinnamon leaf oil has a warm and spicy fragrance that’s milder than the more commonly known cinnamon bark oil.

In skincare and cosmetic formulations, cinnamon leaf oil is often added for its aromatic properties, but it’s also credited with certain potential benefits, including antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. However, due to its potency, it’s crucial to use it in moderation, as high concentrations can cause skin irritation or sensitization. In addition to skincare, it’s also found in various aromatherapy products, perfumes, and even some household cleaning items.

Citric Acid

Derived from citrus fruits, citric acid is a common ingredient in skincare due to its multipurpose benefits. It serves as a pH adjuster, helping to maintain the acidity levels of a product, which is crucial for stability and shelf-life. Its alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) properties make it an effective mild exfoliant, helping to shed dead skin cells and reveal a brighter complexion. It’s also known for its antioxidant properties that combat damaging free radicals. However, as with all AHAs, it can increase skin’s sensitivity to the sun, so always use sunscreen when using products containing citric acid.


With its roots tracing back to ancient civilizations, clay is no newcomer to the skincare arena. This earthly wonder is lauded for its natural ability to draw out impurities, absorb excess oil, and provide a gentle exfoliation. Different types of clay, like kaolin, bentonite, and French green, have distinct colors and benefits, tailored to suit specific skin needs.

If you’re battling oily skin or pesky breakouts, a clay mask can be a godsend; it acts like a magnet, pulling out dirt and grime from deep within pores. Simultaneously, its mineral-rich composition can soothe irritated skin and boost circulation, ushering in a revitalized complexion. If you ever feel the urge to indulge in a spa-like experience at home, slathering on a clay mask might just be your best bet.

Coco Glucoside

Coco glucoside is a natural, non-ionic, surfactant derived from renewable raw materials such as coconut oil and fruit sugars, hence the name. It is used in a variety of skincare and cosmetic products due to its ability to gently cleanse the skin without causing dryness or irritation. Coco glucoside also helps to improve the skin’s moisture retention, making it a popular choice in hydrating formulations. Like decyl glucoside, it is biodegradable and an eco-friendly option for green skincare formulations.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil, pressed from the meat of the coconut (Cocos nucifera), is a rich source of medium-chain fatty acids. It’s widely used in skincare due to its moisturizing and emollient properties.

It helps in replenishing the skin’s natural barrier, locking in moisture, and leaving the skin feeling soft and supple. Due to its potential antibacterial properties, it’s often incorporated into products aimed at calming and soothing the skin.

However, coconut oil is comedogenic, meaning it can clog pores and potentially lead to breakouts, especially if you have oily skin. It’s important to note that while coconut oil can be beneficial for some skin types, it might not be suitable for everyone.


Collagen is the protein that gives your skin its strength and elasticity. In skincare, it helps to hydrate and plump up your skin, making it look younger and more radiant.


Cucumber is a popular ingredient in skincare products, renowned for its soothing, hydrating, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cucumbers are composed of 96% water, making them a natural source of hydration. Products featuring cucumber extract can provide a cooling, refreshing sensation, which can be particularly soothing for irritated or inflamed skin.

In addition, cucumbers contain a wealth of beneficial components like vitamin C and folic acid, both known for their antioxidant properties. These antioxidants can help combat oxidative stress and the subsequent signs of aging.

One common usage of cucumber in skincare is eye creams or gels. The cooling properties can help reduce puffiness and under-eye bags, contributing to a more rested and youthful appearance.

Dead Sea Minerals

A legendary treasure trove for skincare aficionados, the Dead Sea, nestled between Israel and Jordan, is renowned for its unique mineral-rich composition. The water here boasts an impressive mix of over 21 minerals, including magnesium, calcium, potassium, and bromide, not found in any other ocean or sea in the world. These minerals have been linked to a host of skincare benefits, ranging from hydrating the skin and reducing inflammation to promoting circulation and offering relief from skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema.

Many skincare products capitalize on these celebrated minerals, infusing them into creams, masks, and serums. Whether used in a rejuvenating spa mud wrap or a daily moisturizing cream, Dead Sea minerals offer a natural touch of luxury, promising revitalized, healthy skin.

Decyl Glucoside

Decyl glucoside is a gentle, plant-derived, non-ionic surfactant that is used in a variety of skincare and cosmetic products. As a surfactant, it helps to emulsify and stabilize formulations, and its mild cleansing properties make it an excellent ingredient in products designed for sensitive skin. It can be found in products like cleansers, shampoos, body washes, and baby products. Being biodegradable and produced from renewable raw materials, it’s also a favored choice in eco-friendly and clean skincare lines.


Diethanolamine, often abbreviated as DEA, is used in skincare and cosmetic products to make them creamy or sudsy. The European Union has restricted its use due to concerns about the formation of carcinogenic compounds. In the US, the FDA has not banned it but recommends limiting its use.


Dimethicone is a type of silicone used extensively in skincare, haircare, and cosmetic formulations. Recognized for its smooth texture, it acts as a protective barrier on the skin’s surface, helping to retain moisture while also giving products a silky spreadability. Dimethicone is often found in moisturizers, primers, and foundations because it can fill in fine lines and uneven texture, providing a smooth, matte finish.

While generally considered safe for most skin types, some individuals prefer to avoid silicones in their skincare due to personal preferences or concerns about product buildup. However, dimethicone is non-comedogenic, meaning it shouldn’t clog pores, and it’s approved for use in cosmetics by health and safety regulatory bodies worldwide.


Dyes add color to your skincare products. While they make your products look pretty, they don’t have any direct benefits for your skin. Some people might be sensitive to certain dyes, so always patch test new products.


Emollients like shea butter are ingredients that soften the skin by filling in the gaps between skin cells, smoothing the skin’s surface. They’re particularly beneficial for dry or rough skin, as they can help to repair the skin barrier and provide a smooth canvas for makeup application. Emollients can come in many forms, including oils, butters, and esters, and are found in products like moisturizers, serums, and creams.

Essential Oils

Essential oils are concentrated plant extracts that retain the natural smell and flavor, or “essence,” of their source. These oils are produced through various extraction methods, including steam distillation and cold pressing.

In skincare, essential oils are often praised for their potent aromatic properties and potential therapeutic benefits. They can provide a wide range of effects, depending on the plant they’re derived from. For example, tea tree oil is known for its antimicrobial properties and is commonly used in products for acne-prone skin. Lavender oil, with its soothing fragrance, is found in products designed to relax and calm the senses.

However, despite their natural origins, essential oils are potent and can be potentially irritating to the skin, especially for those with sensitive skin or specific allergies. They should be used with caution, ideally after patch testing and never in undiluted form directly on the skin. It’s also worth noting that the term “essential” refers to the extraction of a plant’s quintessential fragrance, not a designation of necessity for skin health.


Ethanolamines, often listed in ingredients as MEA (Monoethanolamine), DEA (Diethanolamine), and TEA (Triethanolamine), are organic compounds used in a variety of skincare and cosmetic products, including soaps, shampoos, lotions, and creams. They serve as pH adjusters and emulsifiers, helping to balance the product’s acidity and promote even blending of ingredients.

There is ongoing research into potential health concerns related to use of ethanolamines, with some studies suggesting they might lead to skin and eye irritation, allergies, and, in higher concentrations, potential organ system toxicity. As a result, many clean or green beauty brands avoid these ingredients in their formulations.

Folic Acid

Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9 or folate when naturally occurring in foods, is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in many bodily functions, including cell growth and the formation of DNA. In terms of skincare, folic acid is an antioxidant that can help to keep skin healthy and rejuvenated. For this reason, it’s often included in skincare products for mature skin.


Formaldehyde is a potent preservative used in some cosmetics and personal care products to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi, extending their shelf life. However, it has been associated with skin irritation and allergic reactions, and its use has become quite controversial due to potential health risks. The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies formaldehyde as a human carcinogen, and many countries and brands have restricted its use. Always check the label for formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives, especially if you have sensitive skin or want to follow a clean skincare approach.


Fragrances in skincare products make them smell delightful. However, some people might find their skin sensitive to certain fragrances. Always listen to your skin when trying out scented products.


An ingredient with ancient prestige, frankincense has been cherished for millennia, not just for its spiritual significance but also for its skin-rejuvenating properties.

Extracted from the resin of the Boswellia tree, frankincense oil carries anti-inflammatory and astringent qualities, making it a boon for those with acne-prone or aging skin. It’s known to help reduce the appearance of large pores, lift and tighten the skin, and even smoothen wrinkles.

In skincare products, you’ll often find this resinous delight in serums, creams, and facial oils. Its aromatic scent adds an element of luxury, transforming your skincare routine into a sensorial ritual. But remember, quality and sourcing matter. Opt for products that use pure, sustainably sourced frankincense to ensure both your skin and the environment reap the benefits.

Fruit Enzymes

Fruit Enzymes, naturally occurring proteins found in fruits like papaya (papain) and pineapple (bromelain), are hailed for their gentle yet effective exfoliating abilities. They work by breaking down the keratin protein in the dead skin cells on the skin’s surface, promoting smoother, brighter skin without the harshness of physical exfoliants. Suitable for sensitive skin, they also aid in reducing the appearance of age spots and fine lines over time.

Fruit Sugars

Often derived from fruits such as grapes, apples, or berries, fruit sugars (also known as fructose) can offer a myriad of benefits to the skin. These sugars help to lock in the skin’s natural moisture, acting as natural humectants, and can promote a healthy, radiant complexion.

Fruit sugars are often used in products such as scrubs, masks, and serums for their hydrating and exfoliating properties. Additionally, they can be a source of alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), which work to promote cell turnover and reveal fresh, glowing skin beneath. However, it’s essential to remember that not all skin types react the same way to these ingredients; some may find them too potent, especially when used in high concentrations.

Ferulic Acid

If the skincare world had its own superheroes, ferulic acid would don a cape. Found naturally in the cell walls of grains, fruits, and some vegetables, ferulic acid is a potent antioxidant and means serious business when it comes to combatting free radicals—those pesky villains responsible for skin damage and premature aging.

Ferulic acid’s superpower is enhancing the stability and efficacy of other antioxidants, especially vitamin C and vitamin E. Thus, when combined, they form an anti-aging trio that fiercely battles wrinkles and dark spots. And ferulic acid can also increase sun protection when used in conjunction with sunscreens, making it a sun-shielding sidekick!


Glycerin, a superhero of hydration, is a humectant that draws moisture into the skin. It’s the tall glass of water your skin craves to stay hydrated and healthy!

Glycolic Acid

Glycolic acid, derived from sugarcane, is one of the most common AHAs you’ll find in skincare. It’s known for its ability to exfoliate the skin, stimulate collagen, and smooth out skin texture.

Grapefruit Seed Extract

Grapefruit seed extract (GSE) is another botanical-based preservative and antioxidant that’s found its place in the formulation of natural toxin-free skincare. GSE is known for its antimicrobial properties, which make it useful in inhibiting the growth of bacteria and fungi, thus enhancing a product’s shelf-life. However, there’s been controversy surrounding commercially available GSE due to synthetic preservatives that are often used in its processing. Therefore, it’s crucial for consumers to check the purity of products containing GSE.

Green Tea Extract

Meet green tea extract, another antioxidant powerhouse known for its soothing and rejuvenating properties. It’s like a spa day for your skin!


Honey is a natural ingredient that has been used for centuries in skincare due to its impressive properties. This sweet, sticky substance is naturally antibacterial, helping to combat bacteria, and is full of antioxidants that slow down signs of aging.

Honey is also a fantastic moisturizer, drawing in moisture from the environment and sealing it into the skin, making it a natural humectant. Plus, its soothing properties can calm irritated or inflamed skin. However, anyone with allergies to bees or honey should avoid using honey-based skincare products.


Humectants are substances that attract and retain moisture from their surroundings, making them a key component in many skincare products. By drawing water from the air and from deeper layers of the skin, humectants help to hydrate the surface layers of the skin, keeping it plump, flexible, and healthy.

Some of the most common humectants you’ll find in skincare products include ingredients like glycerin, hyaluronic acid, and aloe vera. They’re often used in products like moisturizers, serums, and masks, and are particularly beneficial for those with dry or dehydrated skin.

However, in very dry climates where there is little moisture in the air, humectants can potentially draw too much moisture from the deeper layers of the skin, potentially causing dehydration. For this reason, they’re often used in conjunction with occlusive ingredients, which create a barrier on the skin to prevent moisture loss.

Hyaluronic Acid

Another humectant hydration hero, hyaluronic acid can hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water! It’s like a super sponge, helping your skin stay plump and hydrated.


Hydroquinone is a powerful skin-lightening agent used to treat conditions like hyperpigmentation, melasma, and age spots. It works by inhibiting an enzyme called tyrosinase, which is essential for producing melanin.

Hydroquinone usage is a subject of debate due to concerns about potential side effects, including skin irritation, increased UV sensitivity, and, in rare cases, a condition called ochronosis which causes skin to darken. In several countries, hydroquinone is only available by prescription due to these concerns. Always use hydroquinone under the supervision of a dermatologist, and always pair it with sun protection to protect your skin.

Jojoba Beads

Jojoba beads are natural, biodegradable beads derived from jojoba oil. They have a spherical shape and a smooth texture, which make them an excellent alternative to harmful plastic microbeads for physical exfoliation. Jojoba beads can gently scrub away dead skin cells without causing microtears in the skin—a common concern with more abrasive exfoliants. In addition to their exfoliating properties, jojoba beads also bring the moisturizing benefits of jojoba oil, helping to hydrate the skin and maintain its natural oil balance. They’re a sustainable and skin-friendly choice for those seeking effective, eco-conscious skincare options.

Jojoba Oil

Jojoba oil is a moisturizing botanical oil that closely resembles the skin’s own natural oils. This makes it particularly good at balancing oil production and moisturizing without feeling greasy.

Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is a skin-lightening agent derived from fungi, known for its ability to fade dark spots and even out skin tone. It’s like an eraser for unwanted pigmentation!

Lactic Acid

Derived from sour milk, lactic acid is another popular AHA, loved for its gentle exfoliating and skin-smoothing properties. It’s also a wonderful moisturizer, making it great for drier skin types.

Lavender Oil

Loved for its calming scent, lavender oil is another botanical oil with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for soothing and healing irritated skin.

Lavender oil is derived from the lavender plant (Lavandula angustifolia), which makes it a popular essential oil in skincare and aromatherapy due to its distinctive calming scent and purported therapeutic properties.

In skincare, it’s often found in products intended to soothe and relax, such as face mists, bath salts, and lotions. Some research suggests that lavender oil might have anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, and it is frequently marketed for its potential to soothe irritated skin, reduce redness, and aid in wound healing.

However, as with all essential oils, lavender oil can be potent and may cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals, especially when used in high concentrations. It’s always advised to patch test new skincare products containing essential oils and use them in moderation, preferably under the guidance of a dermatologist. The beneficial claims of lavender oil, like many essential oils, require further rigorous scientific study to fully substantiate.

Licorice Root Extract

Licorice root extract is loved for its skin-soothing properties and its ability to brighten the complexion and reduce hyperpigmentation. It’s the sweet treat your skin never knew it needed!

Mandelic Acid

Derived from bitter almonds, mandelic acid’s larger molecular size allows for slower skin penetration, reducing irritation. Perfect for sensitive skin, it offers the benefits of AHAs—improved skin texture and tone, plus reduced fine lines and wrinkles. Moreover, its antimicrobial properties and ability to regulate sebum production make it a star in combating acne.


Microplastics are tiny plastic particles, typically smaller than 5mm, that are commonly found in a variety of personal care products, including some skincare and cosmetics. Often used as exfoliants in scrubbing cleansers or as filler in certain products, these tiny plastics can be washed down drains and eventually make their way into our oceans.

Microplastics non-biodegradable, so they pose a significant environmental threat, contributing to the larger problem of plastic pollution in marine ecosystems, where they can be mistaken for food by marine life, causing harm. Increasingly, consumers and manufacturers are moving towards eco-friendly alternatives to microplastics, such as natural exfoliants like sugar, salt, and crushed nut shells.

Mineral Oil

A derivative of petroleum, mineral oil acts as an occlusive, preventing water loss from the skin. Although it has been controversial, it’s non-comedogenic and safe for most skin types when properly refined.


Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, is a real multitasker. Niacinamide is an antioxidant that helps balance oil production, reduce inflammation, strengthen the skin barrier, and even fade hyperpigmentation. Truly a skincare jack-of-all-trades!

Nut Shells

Nut shells, such as walnut and apricot shells, are often ground into a fine powder and used as a natural exfoliant in skincare products. They help remove dead skin cells from the skin’s surface, revealing a fresher, brighter complexion beneath. However, caution should be exercised when using products with nut shells as the exfoliant. Though natural, they can have sharp edges and be too harsh for some skin types, potentially causing microscopic tears in the skin. It’s recommended to opt for products that use finely ground shells and to apply with gentle pressure.


Not just for breakfast anymore, oatmeal soothes and moisturizes the skin, making it a great choice for sensitive or dry skin. It’s like a comforting blanket for your skin!


Oats, or colloidal oatmeal, are a soothing ingredient with gentle exfoliating properties. Rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, oats can help to calm irritated skin while softly removing dead skin cells. The inherent saponins in oats cleanse the skin, and the proteins and lipids offer moisturizing effects. Oats are particularly useful for sensitive skin that may not tolerate more traditional exfoliants.


Occlusive ingredients are an integral part of skincare formulations, particularly in moisturizers. They work by forming a protective barrier on the skin’s surface, trapping in moisture and preventing water loss through evaporation – a process known as transepidermal water loss (TEWL).

In essence, while humectants attract moisture, occlusives keep that moisture where it’s needed. They’re especially beneficial in dry climates or for people with dry skin, as they can help prevent the drying and cracking that can lead to irritation and damage.

Common occlusive ingredients in skincare products include petrolatum, beeswax, silicones, and certain oils and butters, like shea butter and mineral oil. However, because they can be heavy and potentially pore-clogging, occlusive ingredients may not be suitable for all skin types, particularly those prone to oiliness or acne.


Octinoxate, also known as Octyl Methoxycinnamate or Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, is a commonly used chemical sunscreen ingredient. It primarily functions by absorbing harmful ultraviolet B (UVB) rays, thus preventing them from damaging the skin and contributing to skin aging and burns. Octinoxate is a popular ingredient due to its low potential to cause skin irritation and its ability to easily blend with other sunscreen ingredients. However, it’s been under scrutiny recently due to concerns about its potential to disrupt hormones and its harmful impact on marine life, leading some areas to ban sunscreens containing Octinoxate. Consequently, there is an increasing demand for products containing alternative sunscreen ingredients.

Olive Oil

A cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet, olive oil has also made its way into skincare regimes across the globe. It’s packed with vitamins A, D, K, and E and boasts potent antioxidant properties, helping to fend off skin-damaging free radicals.

Olive oil is deeply moisturizing and can soften the skin, making it a popular ingredient in cleansers, moisturizers, and body oils. Despite these benefits, olive oil is quite heavy and could potentially block pores, so people with oily skin should approach with caution.


Oxybenzone, also known as benzophenone-3, is a chemical sunscreen ingredient that provides broad-spectrum UV coverage, protecting the skin from both UVA and UVB rays. However, its use in skincare and sun protection products has sparked debate due to concerns about potential hormonal disruption, allergic reactions, and environmental harm, particularly to coral reefs. Some regions, including Hawaii and Key West, have banned the sale of sunscreens containing oxybenzone and other harmful chemicals to protect their marine ecosystems.

Palm Oil

A controversial titan in the skincare and cosmetics realm, palm oil is prized for its rich emollient properties and versatile applications. Sourced from the fruit of the oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis), palm oil is laden with vitamins A and E, making it an excellent moisturizer that can help fight free radicals and give skin a radiant boost.

Palm oil is used in a myriad of products, from lotions and creams to soaps and lipsticks because of its creamy texture and stability. However, the environmental implications of palm oil cultivation are a matter of significant concern.

Expansive deforestation, habitat destruction, and threats to endangered species have all been linked to the unbridled expansion of palm oil plantations. Consequently, eco-conscious brands and consumers are pushing for sustainably sourced and certified palm oil, or seeking alternatives entirely. If you’re considering palm oil-based products, look for those with RSPO certification (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil) or similar assurances to promote ethical consumption.


Parabens represent a group of synthetic compounds frequently used as preservatives in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products, including skincare. Their main job is to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and mold, ensuring your products remain safe to use for an extended period.

Parabens can appear under various names on the ingredient list, such as methylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben, or ethylparaben, to name a few. They’re effective and inexpensive, which explains their prevalence in product formulations.

While there has been some controversy around parabens due to their potential hormonal disruption properties, it’s important to know that the FDA, along with other health organizations, deems them safe in the small concentrations typically found in cosmetics. Nonetheless, if you prefer to avoid them, there’s a wide variety of paraben-free skincare options available.


Paraffins are a group of saturated hydrocarbons often used in skincare and cosmetic products for their emollient and occlusive properties. Derived primarily from petroleum, they are effective at softening and moisturizing the skin by creating a barrier that helps retain moisture.

Paraffins are commonly found in a range of products, including lotions, creams, and cosmetics. While they are generally considered safe for topical use, some individuals might prefer avoiding them due to environmental or skin sensitivity concerns. The environmental consideration primarily stems from paraffins being derived from non-renewable petroleum sources, prompting environmentally-conscious consumers to opt for alternatives.


Peptides are short chains of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins, like collagen) that signal your skin to produce more collagen. They’re like cheerleaders encouraging your skin to stay strong and youthful!


A highly effective occlusive ingredient, petrolatum is renowned for its ability to lock in moisture and heal dry, chapped skin. Derived from petroleum, it’s frequently found in products designed to offer serious hydration. However, its thick texture might not suit all, particularly those with oily or acne-prone skin.


Phthalates are a group of chemicals used in a wide range of consumer products, including skincare and cosmetics. They serve several functions in these products. For example, they can act as solvents (substances that dissolve other substances) and plasticizers (substances that increase flexibility, suppleness, or longevity).

In skincare and cosmetics, phthalates are often used to enhance the performance of the product. They can help lotions penetrate and moisturize the skin, make nail polish flexible yet durable, and help fragrances last longer.

While phthalates are prevalent, they’ve been subject to controversy due to potential health concerns. Some research suggests that certain phthalates may act as endocrine disruptors, interfering with the body’s hormone systems. These concerns have led some companies to produce phthalate-free skincare and cosmetic products.

However, it’s important to note that there are many different types of phthalates, and they do not all share the same properties. Regulations and safety standards vary by country, and ongoing research continues to explore the potential health effects of these chemicals.


Phenoxyethanol is a preservative commonly used in cosmetics and personal care products. It’s known for its antimicrobial properties against yeast, bacteria, and fungi, making it a vital ingredient to prevent products from spoiling and prolong their shelf life. It’s typically used in concentrations of less than 1%.

Although phenoxyethanol is synthetically produced for commercial uses, it’s also naturally occurring, found in green tea and chicory. As with any ingredient, some individuals may experience skin sensitivity or allergic reactions to phenoxyethanol, but it’s generally considered safe in the small amounts found in skincare products.

In the conversation about safe cosmetics, phenoxyethanol has gained attention as a preferred alternative to parabens, another class of preservatives linked to potential health concerns. However, it’s important for consumers to remember that “alternative” doesn’t necessarily mean safer or better and that understanding the role and safety of ingredients is crucial to making informed skincare choices.


Polyethylene is a type of plastic that’s widely used in skincare products, most commonly in the form of microbeads found in exfoliating scrubs and cleansers. These tiny plastic particles offer a physical exfoliation that helps to remove dead skin cells. However, they’re not biodegradable and are a known environmental pollutant, accumulating in our oceans and posing a threat to marine life. Due to these environmental concerns, many countries have banned or are in the process of banning the use of polyethylene microbeads in cosmetic products. It’s advised to look for natural, biodegradable exfoliating alternatives like sugar, salt, or oats.

Potassium Sorbate

A common ingredient in personal care products, potassium sorbate is a salt of sorbic acid. It’s an effective and gentle preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast, and fungi, ensuring products remain fresh and safe to use. Its safety is well-established, with only minor skin irritation noted in rare cases of sensitive individuals. Potassium sorbate’s low risk profile and effective preservation properties make it a popular choice for use in a range of skincare products, including creams, lotions, and cleansers.


Preservatives are essential in skincare formulations as they prevent microbial growth and ensure product safety. Preservatives inhibit the growth of bacteria, mold, and yeast, which can cause infections, skin irritations, and product spoilage.

Common synthetic preservatives include parabens, phenoxyethanol, and various types of alcohols. They are usually present in small amounts, enough to keep the product stable but not to irritate the skin. While there’s been some concern about the safety of certain preservatives, such as parabens, most are safe when used in cosmetics.

Natural preservatives are ingredients derived from nature that help extend the shelf-life of skincare products by preventing bacterial growth and oxidation. Unlike synthetic preservatives, natural alternatives like rosemary extract, grapefruit seed extract, and certain essential oils are often favored for their added skin benefits, such as antioxidant or anti-inflammatory properties.

However, it’s important to understand that while they offer a more eco-friendly choice, natural preservatives may not be as potent or long-lasting as their synthetic counterparts. This means products using natural preservatives may have a shorter shelf-life and need to be used more quickly after opening.

It’s also important to note that “preservative-free” products often need refrigeration and have a much shorter shelf-life. Always check the expiration date to ensure you’re using fresh products on your skin.


Propanediol, not to be confused with Propylene Glycol, is a skin-friendly, plant-derived (usually from corn) ingredient commonly found in skincare and cosmetic products. Its main purpose is to improve skin absorption, making it an effective delivery agent that helps other ingredients penetrate the skin more effectively. As a humectant, it also helps retain moisture in the skin, thus contributing to hydration and a feeling of softness. Propanediol has the added advantage of being less likely to cause skin irritation, making it a preferred choice in products designed for sensitive skin.

Propylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol is a synthetic, organic alcohol that is used in skincare products due to its ability to attract water and help the skin retain moisture. It also enhances the delivery of other ingredients into the skin. While generally considered safe in small amounts, some people may experience irritation or allergic reactions, particularly those with sensitive skin or eczema. As always, if you experience any adverse effects, it’s recommended to discontinue use and consult with a dermatologist.


Retinoids, including retinol, retinyl palmitate, and tretinoin, are a family of vitamin A derivatives known for their powerful skin-renewing and blemish-fighting properties. They’re the all-star athletes of the skincare ingredients world!


Retinol is a specific type of retinoid, and is a go-to for many people due to its availability and effectiveness in battling signs of aging and acne.

Retinyl Palmitate

Think of retinyl palmitate as retinol’s gentle cousin. This ester of retinol combined with palmitic acid — a fatty acid — is often used in skincare products as a less irritating alternative to more potent retinoids.

Retinyl palmitate plays a similar role to other retinoids, helping to promote skin cell turnover and improve the skin’s texture and tone. However, it’s converted into retinol and then into retinoic acid (the active form) when applied to the skin, which makes it less potent. That means it might take longer to see results, but the likelihood of experiencing retinol-associated side effects like dryness and irritation is reduced.

Despite the slower results, Retinyl Palmitate is an excellent choice if you have sensitive skin or are new to retinoids and want to dip your toes in the retinoid pool without diving into the deep end.


Ribose is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) that naturally occurs in all living cells. It plays a fundamental role in the formation of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate), a molecule responsible for storing and providing energy in cells. ATP is vital for fueling many cellular processes, including muscle contraction and the synthesis of cellular components.

In the context of skincare and cosmetics, ribose is used for its potential anti-aging benefits. When applied topically, ribose is believed to help revive the skin’s energy, leading to a more revitalized and youthful complexion. Some studies suggest that it can improve skin elasticity, reduce the appearance of wrinkles, and increase overall skin vitality by promoting cellular energy. As such, it’s sometimes found in rejuvenating serums, creams, or masks formulated to combat signs of aging or skin fatigue.

Rose Water

Rose water is a delightful, calming ingredient known for its soothing and mildly astringent properties. It’s like a soothing sonnet for your skin!

Rosehip Oil

Rosehip oil is a nourishing botanical oil rich in essential fatty acids and antioxidants. It’s known for its ability to hydrate, brighten, and even out skin tone.

Rosemary Extract

Rosemary extract, derived from the common culinary herb, has earned recognition in the skincare industry for its impressive antioxidant properties. It helps combat oxidative stress on the skin, but also acts as a natural preservative.

By inhibiting microbial growth and extending the shelf-life of products, rosemary extract provides a safer, more natural alternative to synthetic preservatives. Although its preservative powers are less potent than traditional options, it can still be effective, particularly in combination with other natural preservatives.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is the superstar of BHAs, known for its ability to fight acne, reduce inflammation, and keep your pores clear. It’s your ultimate ally in the battle against breakouts!


Salt, particularly sea salt and Himalayan pink salt, is a natural skincare ingredient known for its exfoliating and detoxifying properties. When used in scrubs and exfoliating products, the texture of the salt granules can help to slough off dead skin cells, promoting a smoother and more radiant complexion. Additionally, salt can draw out impurities and toxins from the pores, making it beneficial if you have oily skin. However, it should be used sparingly and with caution as it can be too abrasive for sensitive skin.

Shea Butter

Extracted from the nuts of the shea tree, shea butter is a rich emollient and occlusive that deeply moisturizes and soothes the skin. Known for its high concentrations of fatty acids and vitamins, it’s commonly found in body butters, creams, and lotions.


Silicones like dimethicone are occlusives that form a breathable barrier on the skin, helping to retain moisture, smooth skin texture, and prolong makeup wear. Despite misconceptions, most silicones are non-comedogenic and safe for all skin types.

Sodium Benzoate

Sodium benzoate is a widely used preservative in skincare and cosmetic products, valued for its antimicrobial properties. This ingredient, a salt of benzoic acid, is naturally occurring in many fruits and spices, but the version used in skincare is usually synthesized in labs. It’s considered safe in small concentrations but can convert to benzoic acid when in the presence of vitamin C, creating a potential for skin sensitivity. Always read labels, especially if your skin is sensitive.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)

Sodium Laureth Sulfate, often referred to as SLES, is a sulfate and popular surfactant in the skincare industry, particularly in products that foam, like cleansers and shampoos. Although it shares similar qualities with its relative, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), it’s considered milder and less likely to cause irritation. SLES is effective at removing dirt and oils, and while it may still cause some dryness, it’s generally more tolerable for a broader range of skin types.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, or SLS for short, is one of the most common ingredients in skincare products. This heavy-duty surfactant is excellent at cutting through oil and dirt, making it a favorite sulfate for formulations like cleansers, shampoos, and body washes. However, its strength may prove too much for some, as it can strip too much natural oil from the skin, causing dryness or irritation. While SLS is safe for use according to regulatory standards, those with sensitive skin might opt for it’s milder cousin Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES) or SLS-free options.


Squalane is a stable and saturated hydrocarbon derived from squalene, a compound naturally produced by our skin and found in various plant and animal sources. Highly prized in skincare for its moisturizing properties, squalane closely resembles our skin’s natural oils, allowing it to deeply hydrate, soothe, and prevent moisture loss without leaving a greasy residue.

Traditionally sourced from shark liver oil, ethical and sustainability concerns have led to a shift towards plant-derived squalane, with olive oil and sugarcane being popular sources. Its non-comedogenic nature and compatibility with most skin types make squalane a favored ingredient in a range of skincare products, from serums to moisturizers.


Sugar, particularly brown sugar due to its texture, serves as a natural exfoliant in skincare. Its small, rough particles help to physically remove dead skin cells when massaged onto the skin. Sugar also naturally draws moisture into the skin, providing a hydrating effect. Its glycolic acid content can also promote skin cell turnover for brighter skin. However, it’s essential to use sugar scrubs gently to avoid irritating the skin.


Sulfates are a type of surfactant—a compound that lowers the surface tension between substances, allowing them to mix. In layman’s terms, they make your soap soapy. They’re the reason your shampoo lathers up and your body wash foams.

There are many types of sulfates, but the most common ones you’ll find in your skincare and haircare products are Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES). These ingredients are highly effective at removing oils and dirt from your skin and hair. However, they can also strip away your natural oils, leading to dryness and irritation.

Note that not all sulfates are created equal. Some are harsher than others, and some people’s skin can handle them better than others. For example, SLES is often considered milder and less irritating than SLS. There’s been a growing trend toward sulfate-free skincare products, especially for those with sensitive skin. But it’s not a one-size-fits-all issue. As with any ingredient, it’s all about how your skin reacts to it.


In the world of skincare, surfactants are the unsung heroes that do the heavy lifting when it comes to cleaning. Surfactants reduce the surface tension between two substances, allowing them to mingle more easily. In simpler terms, surfactants are what make your cleansers, shampoos, and body washes lather up and effectively remove dirt, oil, and makeup from your skin.

Note that not all surfactants are the same. Some surfactants, like sulfates, can be harsh and stripping, while others, like decyl glucoside and coco glucoside, are gentler and more suited to sensitive skin. Surfactants also play a vital role in emulsifying ingredients in a formulation, allowing oils and water to mix harmoniously.

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is a botanical oil that’s famous for its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a popular choice for combating acne. It’s like a traffic cop, halting the progression of acne in its tracks!

Titanium Dioxide

Titanium dioxide is a mineral often used in sunscreens for its ability to block UV rays. It’s like a protective shield, keeping your skin safe from the sun’s harmful rays.


Tretinoin, also known as Retin-A, is a prescription-strength retinoid. It’s typically prescribed for the treatment of acne, but it’s also highly effective in addressing signs of aging like wrinkles and sun damage because of its potent ability to increase cell turnover.

Tretinoin is often considered the gold standard in skincare for mature skin because of its proven efficacy. However, because of its strength, it can lead to skin irritation, dryness, and an initial worsening of acne symptoms, a phase commonly known as “retinization.” Therefore, it’s usually recommended to start with lower-strength formulations and gradually build up to allow the skin to adapt.

Always consult a dermatologist or skincare professional before beginning a regimen with prescription-strength products like tretinoin.


Triclosan is an antibacterial and antifungal agent commonly used in personal care products like hand sanitizers, toothpastes, and deodorants. However, its use in skincare has become controversial due to potential health and environmental concerns. Research suggests it may disrupt hormone function, contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and negatively impact aquatic ecosystems when washed down the drain. Due to these issues, many brands have phased out the use of triclosan in their products. Always check the ingredients list if you wish to avoid this ingredient.


Turmeric, derived from the Curcuma longa plant, is known for its vibrant yellow-orange color, making it a popular choice as a natural dye in skincare products. Beyond its coloring capabilities, turmeric contains curcumin, a compound that has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. These properties can help soothe skin inflammation, reduce breakouts, and even out skin tone. However, in its raw form, turmeric can temporarily stain skin and fabric, which is something to consider when formulating and using skincare products with this ingredient.

Vitamin C

A star in the realm of antioxidants, vitamin C brightens the complexion, evens out skin tone, and reduces signs of aging. It’s the morning coffee your skin needs to start the day on a vibrant note!

Vitamin E

Vitamin E, a fat-soluble antioxidant, protects your skin from oxidative damage and complements the workings of vitamin C perfectly. When it comes to antioxidants, vitamin E is a trusty wingman!

Willow Bark

Willow bark, particularly from the white willow species, holds a revered place in skincare due to its salicin content. Salicin is a compound that the body can convert into salicylic acid, a beneficial beta-hydroxy acid. This unique feature makes willow bark a natural exfoliant that can clear pores and reduce acne breakouts, while also offering anti-inflammatory properties to soothe irritation.

Willow bark is also believed to boost cell turnover and stimulate collagen production for more youthful-looking skin. However, while it’s a source of salicin, it shouldn’t be viewed as a direct replacement for salicylic acid, as the conversion process in the body results in a milder effect, which can be a boon for those with sensitive skin.

Witch Hazel

Extracted from the leaves, bark, and twigs of the Hamamelis virginiana plant, witch hazel is a botanical ingredient revered for its skin-soothing and astringent properties. Rich in tannins, it acts as a natural astringent, helping to tighten and constrict the skin and reduce the appearance of pores. Consequently, it’s a common ingredient in toners and aftershaves.

Witch hazel’s anti-inflammatory nature can also help calm redness, irritation, and minor inflammation, making it a go-to for sensitive skin. However, while many swear by its benefits, some witch hazel formulations, especially those with added alcohol, can be potentially drying or irritating, so it’s wise to do a patch test or consult with a dermatologist to ensure it’s the right choice for your skin.


Zinc is a mineral that is essential to the body and is found in every cell. It’s known for its healing properties and can help with a variety of skin issues, including acne, melasma, and other skin disorders. Zinc as an ingredient in skincare typically refers to zinc salts, like zinc gluconate and zinc sulfate, that have been used for their anti-inflammatory and oil-regulating properties.

Zinc Oxide

Zinc oxide is a specific type of zinc compound that’s widely recognized as a safe and effective sunscreen ingredient. It works by sitting on top of the skin (rather than soaking into it) and scattering, absorbing, and reflecting UVA and UVB rays. Zinc oxide is also often used in skin-soothing ointments and creams because it has anti-inflammatory properties.

And That’s Skincare Ingredients, Covered!

And there you have it, skincare devotees: your ultimate A-Z guide to skincare ingredients!

Skincare Ingredients Covered: A photograph of various skincare products.

Whether you’re seeking to calm your skin with chamomile or boost its radiance with vitamin C, we hope you’ve found this glossary helpful. Remember, the world of skincare ingredients can be complex, but you’re not alone in navigating it as you build an effective skincare routine.

Use this guide as your personal skincare dictionary, and don’t forget: your skin is unique, so always patch test new products and consult a skincare professional for personalized advice. Happy exploring!